In the 20th century, a Catholic world centered in Europe and North America sought to engage the liberal world order. Many believed the age of ecclesial conflicts with modernity to be at an end. With the coming of Pope Francis, the periphery is exerting its influence—and a political theology of confrontation is returning.
Pierre Trudeau’s legacy is as the Prime Minister who made Canada a liberal and multicultural success story. However, Trudeau’s own writings reveal deep contradictions between liberal theory and the realities of sovereignty and power.
The Belt and Road Initiative has made waves as China’s largest regional development push to date. It also has the potential to start reshaping international norms. But understanding the project’s structural logic requires looking through Chinese political lenses.
Advocates of decentralized government view charter cities as a way to route around slow, legacy governments, and usher in political and market liberalism. Reality tells a different story.
Eastern Europe has clashed with Brussels about the continent’s ideological foundations. Now it is building the political and economic momentum to shape its future.